Abraham, R.K., Kelkar, N. (2012) Do terrestrial protected areas conserve freshwater fish diversity? Results from the Western Ghats of India. Oryx, 46: 544-553. doi:10.1017/S0030605311000937
Terrestrial protected areas are often designated in inaccessible high elevation regions, and usually targeted towards conservation of charismatic large mammals and birds. It has been suggested that such protected areas, with partial coverage of riverine habitats, may not be adequate for conservation of freshwater taxa such as fishes. Also, protected areas are often designated in upstream catchments of dam reservoirs, and conservation of freshwater biodiversity is usually not a priority. We investigated the importance of existing protected areas for conservation of stream fishes within and across three dammed and two undammed rivers in the southern Western Ghats, India (a global biodiversity hotspot)…
Furman, A., Çoraman, E., Nagy, Z. L., Postawa, T., Bilgin, R., Gajewska, M. and Bogdanowicz, W. (2012) Phylogeography of the large Myotis bats (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in Europe, Asia Minor, and Transcaucasia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.01994.x
The large Myotis complex in continental Europe, Asia Minor, and Transcaucasia comprises two sibling bat species, the greater mouse-eared bat, Myotis myotis, and the lesser mouse-eared bat, Myotis blythii, also referred to as Myotis oxygnathus. Here, we investigate the phylogeography of these bats using two mitochondrial markers: the second hypervariable domain of the control region (HVII) and a fragment of the cytochrome b gene (cyt b). The HVII haplotypes formed six distinct haplogroups associated with different geographical regions. Most of the European HVII haplotypes were exclusive to M. myotis, whereas the majority of HVII haplotypes found in Asia Minor were exclusive to M. blythii/M. oxygnathus…
Shamana, S.K., Vasudeva, G.K., Anantharam, A.N. (2012) A new species of Raorchestes (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from mid-elevation evergreen forests of the southern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa, 3410: 19–34
A new species of the shrub frog genus Raorchestes Biju, Souche, Dubois, Dutta and Bossuyt is described as Raorchestes kakachi sp. nov. from Agastyamalai hill region in the southern Western Ghats, India. The small sized Raorchestes (male: 24.7–25.8 mm, n = 3 and female: 24.3–34.1 mm, n = 3) is distinguished from all other known congeners by the following suite of characters. Snout oval in dorsal view; tympanum indistinct; head wider than long; moderate webbing in feet; colour on dorsum varying from ivory to brown, blotches of dark brown on flanks, brown mottling on throat reducing towards vent; inner and outer surface of thigh, inner surface of shank and inner surface of tarsus with a distinct dark brown horizontal band which extends up to first three toes on upper surface. A detailed description, advertisement call features, ecology, natural history notes and comparison with closely related species are provided for the new species.
Shirley, M.H., Dorazio, R.M., Sbassery, E., Elhady, A.A, Mekki, M.S., Asran, H.H. (2012) A Sampling Design and Model for Estimating Abundance of Nile Crocodiles While Accounting for Heterogeneity of Detectability of Multiple Observers. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 76(5):966–975. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.348
As part of the development of a management program for Nile crocodiles in Lake Nasser, Egypt, we used a dependent double-observer sampling protocol with multiple observers to compute estimates of population size. To analyze the data, we developed a hierarchical model that allowed us to assess variation in detection probabilities among observers and survey dates, as well as account for variation in crocodile abundance among sites and habitats. We conducted surveys from July 2008–June 2009 in 15 areas of Lake Nasser that were representative of 3 main habitat categories. During these surveys, we sampled 1,086 km of lake shore wherein we detected 386 crocodiles. Analysis of the data revealed significant variability in both inter- and intra-observer detection probabilities…
Ten, A., Roman Kashkarov, R., Matekova, G., Zholdasova, I., & Turaev, M. (2012) Akpetky lakes, Sarykamysh lake, Ayakaghytma lake, and their desert surrounds: three new Important Bird Areas in Uzbekistan. Sandgrouse, 34(2): 137-147
This article includes main results of CLP-SOS project 2010 “Survey of 3 potential Important Bird Areas in collaboration with students in Uzbekistan”. The IBAs are areas of significant importance for the conservation of birds and biodiversity in general. In the issue of the project were conducted surveys on 4 areas in collaboration with students from 5 Universities, and 3 of them were implemented by BirdLife Secretariat on 2011 as Important Bird Areas (IBAs).
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