Subsistence hunting effects on Amazon wildlife within indigenous territories in Acre

Pedro Constantino

Indigenous lands are currently considered essential to natural resources conservation in Brazilian Amazon, and local involvement in decision-making processes to manage resources is seen as the most feasible way to achieve conservation in these areas. Indigenous people from more than 70 communities from five Indigenous Lands in State of Acre, Brazilian Amazonia, engage in collaborative research for wildlife management through a long-term capacity-building program developed by a Comissão Pró-Índio do Acre, a local NGO. These people participate in participatory mapping of hunting territories and participatory monitoring of animals hunted since 2005 creating high-quality information to support management decision-making at the local level. This current collaborative research had two levels of objectives regarding indigenous subsistence hunting in the Brazilian Amazon: 1) local, where the aims were to study hunting and wildlife management among villages within a single Indigenous Land, and 2) regional, where drivers of variation on subsistence hunting were assessed through cross-site analysis between Indigenous Lands.